Cancer Of The Uterus
Endometrial cancer (also commonly referred by women as uterus cancer and womb cancer) is rare before the age of 40 and common after menopause. Various factors increase the risk of endometrial cancer. They are – obesity, early menarche, late menopause, no childbearing, infertility, family history, history of diabetes and hypertension, long term continuous use of birth control pill and use of certain drugs in the treatment and prevention of breast cancer.
The commonest symptoms are abnormal bleeding, abnormal discharge, spotting and bleeding
Various tests are used to detect endometrial cancer.
1. Ultrasound – may be done to check the size of the uterus and the thickness of the endometrial lining.
2. Hysteroscopy – i.e. to look into the cavity of the uterus with the camera.
3. Histological testing of the lining. The endometrium may be obtained with a simple instrument in the out-patient department. A dilatation and curettage i.e. scraping of
the lining can be obtained in the theater after hysteroscopy. This is the most reliable
method of diagnosis.
Treatment of endometrial cancer is usually surgery. The uterus, tubes, and ovaries are removed. They are sent for histological examination. This allows for staging of the cancer. Staging is a process to determine how far the cancer has spread. Staging gives the number from 0 to 4. Higher the number more is the spread. Depending on the staging further treatment may be done with hormones, chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
Women with cancer have good recovery provided the cancer is in early stages. It usually presents early with symptoms. Therefore do not ignore abnormal vaginal bleeding especially after menopause.
If you have abnormal bleeding and are menopausal then seek an appointment with Dr Sangeeta today for a detailed examination. Remember a stitch in time saves nine.